Doors open 12:30
Announcements 12:50ish PM
Speakers 1ish PM
Dinner Immediately following speakers 1:30ish PM
Raffle 2:45ish PM
Silent Auction End 3ish PM
Silent Auction winners announced 3:15ish PM
Closing Announcements 3:25ish PM
Where the crew's meals were cooked, and where the crew's food and
supplies were kept.
Poop House: Nothing to do with a bathroom, the poop house was the living quarters for the ship's master (Christopher Jones) and some of the higher ranking crew, perhaps master's mates John Clarke and Robert Coppin.
Cabin: The general sleeping quarters for the Mayflower's twenty or thirty other crewmembers. The crew slept in shifts.
Steerage Room: This is where the pilot steered the Mayflower. Steering was done by a stick called a whip-staff that was moved back and forth to move the tiller, which in turn moves the rudder.
Gun Room: This is where the powder, shot, and other supplies were stored for the ship's guns and cannons.
Gun Deck: The gun deck is where the cannon were located. On merchant ships, this deck was used to hold additional cargo. In the Mayflower's case, the gun deck is where the passengers lived on the voyage to America.
Capstan and Windlass: Large apparatus which were used to lift and lower heavy cargo between the decks.
Cargo Hold: This is where the Pilgrims would have stored their cargo of food, tools, and supplies during the voyage.
Gun Deck, sometimes referred to by the Pilgrims as "betwixt the decks"
or the "tween deck," is where the Pilgrims lived for most of the voyage.
They occasionally ventured to the upper deck, especially during calmer
weather when they would be less likely to get in the way of the seamen
and there was less danger of being swept overboard.
The gun deck had about four gun ports on either side of the ship for
cannon. Even though the Mayflower was a merchant ship, it
needed to be able to defend itself from pirates, and needed to be
prepared for the possibility of conscription (when England was at war,
the King or Queen could turn merchant ships into military vessels.)
The height of the gun deck was around five and a half feet.
During the voyage, the 102 Mayflower passengers lived primarily on the gun deck, or the 'tween deck. The length of the deck from stem to stern was about 80 feet, of which about 12 feet at the back belonged to the gun room and was probably off-limits to the passengers. The width at the widest part was about 24 feet. Various hatches provided access to the cargo hold below. The windlass and capstan, both used to haul heavy items by rope between the decks, also took up floor-space, as did the main mast in the middle, and the sprit sail mast in the front. Many of the families built themselves small little "cabins," simple wooden dividers nailed together, to provide a small amount of privacy. Others, especially the young single men, just took up any old spot--many found shelter within a shallop, a 30-foot sailing vessel that the Pilgrims brought with them, and which they had dismantled and stowed on the gun deck. The two month voyage, with many young men living inside of it, caused considerable damage to the shallop, and cost the Pilgrims several weeks of time to fix after they arrived.
The Mayflower stayed with the Pilgrims in America the first winter, and departed home for England in April, arriving back home in May 1621. Master Christopher Jones, the ship's captain, died the next year, in March 1622. Christopher Jones owned a fourth of the ship, and when he died the ownership of his share passed to his widow, Josian.
Josian, with the other three owners, stopped using the ship, and by May 1624 it had fallen into ruins. It was appraised at that time to a value of just over £128, and because of its very poor condition it was almost certainly broken up and sold off as scrap.
Shortly before the 300th anniversary of the Mayflower's voyage (1920), a historian by the name of J. Rendell Harris published a book, The Finding of the Mayflower, in which he claimed to have rediscovered the Mayflower, as a barn in Jordans, England. However, his evidence was extremely speculative, much of it based on oral tradition that he himself may have initiated and encouraged; and the possible family connections between the barn owners and the Mayflower's owners has not stood the test of subsequent research. The barn likely is the remains of a 17th century ship, but there is no evidence it is actually the Mayflower.
Christopher Jones was originally from Harwich, Essex, England, born about 1570, the son of Christopher and Sybil Jones. One of his first ships was the Marie Fortune, which he received from his father after his death. In 1593 he married Sarah Twitt in his hometown of Harwich, but she died in 1603. He remarried to Josian (Thompson) Grey, daughter of Thomas Thompson and widow of Thomas Gray. Christopher Jones was master of the ship Josian, named after his wife. About 1609 he bought a quarter share in the 180-ton Mayflower and moved his family to Rotherhithe, near London, shortly thereafter. He used the Mayflower primarily in the wine trade, frequenting the French ports of Bordeaux and La Rochelle. He brought the Pilgrims to Plymouth on the Mayflower in 1620, and returned to his old profession of transporting cargo to and from France. He died a couple years later, in March 1622, and is buried at St. Mary's Church in Rotherhithe.
MASTER'S MATE: John Clark
John Clark was perhaps the John Clark baptized on 26 March 1575 in Rotherhithe, Surrey, England. He first went to Jamestown, Virginia in March 1610 as a ship's pilot. There, at Point Comfort, he was captured by the Spanish in June 1611. He was taken captive to Havana, Cuba, where he was interrogated, and then sent to Seville, Spain, and then on to Madrid in 1613. He was held as a prisoner until he was exchanged for a Spanish prisoner held by the English in 1616. He immediately went back to his occupation as a ship's pilot, and took a shipment of cattle to Jamestown, Virginia in 1619 under some-time pirate Thomas Jones. In 1620, he was hired to be the master's mate and pilot of the Mayflower, on its intended voyage to Northern Virginia. While the Pilgrims were exploring Cape Cod and Plymouth Harbor, the shallop was caught in a storm and Clark brought them safely ashore at an Island, which is to this day known as Clark's Island. After returning, John Clark decided to settle in Virginia himself. He went to Jamestown in 1623 on the ship Providence, with the intention of settling there, but died not too long after his arrival.
MASTER'S MATE: Robert Coppin
Robert Coppin probably came from Harwich. He held a share of Virginia Company stock in 1609, and had been to the Massachusetts coastline on a previous trip, although it is not known exactly when. He recalled that the last time he was there, some of the Indians stole a harpoon from their ship, so they nicknamed the area Thievish Harbor.
SHIP SURGEON: Giles Heale
Giles Heale had become a freeman in London on 3 April 1619, and had served out his barber surgeon's apprenticeship with Edward Blaney. His voyage on the Mayflower must have been one of his first. On February 10, Mayflower passenger Isaac Allerton gave him a book written by Henry Ainsworth. And on February 21, he witnessed the will of William Mullins. After he returned, he was a barber surgeon practicing on Drury Lane, St. Giles in the Field, London. He died in 1653, apparently having no surviving children: he willed everything to his brother Henry and wife Mary.
SHIP'S COOPER: John Alden
John Alden was born about 1599, most likely in Harwich, Essex, England, related by marriage to Christopher Jones and also to Mayflower passenger Richard Gardinar. Alden was hired at Southampton to be the Mayflower's cooper, the individual responsible for the construction, repair and maintenance of the ship's barrels. Alden was given the choice to stay at Plymouth, or return to England. He chose to stay, and his young blood and carpentry skills were much welcomed by the colonists. He married a year or so later to Priscilla Mullins, and raised his family at Plymouth and later helped found the town of Duxbury.
The above crewmembers are the only ones that can be conclusively identified. There are a couple of "mystery men" that were likely to have been crewmembers. The first is a "Master Leaver", mentioned on one occasion in the Pilgrims' journal "Mourt's Relation". There is a Thomas Lever listed just a few names before Robert Coppin on the list of Virginia Company investors made in 1609. In another place in "Mourt's Relation", mention is made of a "Master Williamson", and a "Master Williamson" is mentioned in the 1621 will of William Mullins as well. Some have suggested this might be a pseudonym for William Brewster, who was still a fugitive from English authorities. Others have suggested that perhaps Master Williamson was a member of the Mayflower's crew. In 1929, Charles Banks noted there was a will for an Andrew Williamson, seaman, in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury. In 1750, John Phillips made a deposition to the Superior Court of Massachusetts, indicating that he was told by his father that his ancestor John or Thomas Parker was a mate on Mayflower. However, 130 years is a long time for accurate oral tradition to survive. The Pilgrims also hired a couple of seaman for themselves, to stay in New England for a year: William Trevore, Mr. Ely, and perhaps Richard Gardinar.
The Mayflower left Plymouth, England on September 6, 1620, and anchored off the tip of Cape Cod on November 11. During those two months crossing the Atlantic Ocean to America, many things happened on the Mayflower.
The first half of the voyage was actually fairly smooth. The wind and weather were good for sailing, and they made good progress. Aside from sea-sickness, the health of the passengers was generally very good. One of the sailors, however, continually laughed and scoffed at the passengers, "cursing them daily" and saying that he hoped to throw their dead bodies overboard and take their belongings for himself. But it turned out that this sailor would be the first to get sick and die: Passenger William Bradford wrote "it pleased God before they came half seas over, to smite this young man with a grievous disease, of which he died in a desperate manner, and so was himself the first that was thrown overboard. Thus his curses light on his own head, ... for they noted it to be the just hand of God upon him."
Of the 102 passengers onboard the ship, three of them were pregnant women. One of the women, Mrs. Elizabeth Hopkins, gave birth during the voyage. Stephen and Elizabeth Hopkins named their newborn son Oceanus. The other two women would give birth shortly after arrival.
After they had sailed more than half way to America, the Mayflower began to encounter a number of bad storms, which began to make the ship very leaky, causing many of the passengers below deck to be continually cold and damp. During one of the storms, a main beam in the middle of the ship cracked, causing some of the passengers and crew to wonder if the ship was strong enough to make all the way to America. But Master Christopher Jones felt his ship was strong, and so they fixed the main beam with a large screw, caulked the leaky decks as best they could, and continued on.
During another storm, a twenty-five year old man named John Howland came up on deck, but the ship suddenly rolled and he lost his balance and fell into the cold Atlantic ocean. Luckily, he managed to grab a hold of a rope that was hanging down from one of the topsails, and held on as he sunk many feet below the surface of the water. The Mayflower's crew hauled him back up to the surface with the rope, and then grabbed him with a boathook.
Wet and cold and cramped in their small quarters, some of the passengers began to develop coughs and colds. As the Mayflower finally began to approach America, one of the passengers, a young boy named William Butten, a servant to the passengers' doctor Samuel Fuller, died. William Butten died on November 6, just three days before land was sighted.
|John Alden||John Carver||Richard Gardinar||Ellen More||Edward Tilley|
|Isaac Allerton||• Katherine (White) Carver||John Goodman||Jasper More||• Ann (Cooper) Tilley|
|• Mary (Norris) Allerton||James Chilton||William Holbeck||Richard More||John Tilley|
|• Bartholomew Allerton||• Mrs. Chilton||John Hooke||Mary More||• Joan (Hurst) Tilley|
|• Remember Allerton||• Mary Chilton||Stephen Hopkins||William Mullins||• Elizabeth Tilley|
|• Mary Allerton||Richard Clarke||• Elizabeth (Fisher) Hopkins||• Mrs. Alice Mullins||Thomas Tinker, wife, and son|
|John Allerton||Francis Cooke||• Constance Hopkins||• Priscilla Mullins||William Trevore|
|John Billington||• John Cooke||• Giles Hopkins||• Joseph Mullins||John Turner, and two sons|
|• Eleanor Billington||Humility Cooper||• Damaris Hopkins||Degory Priest||Richard Warren|
|• John Billington||John Crackston||• Oceanus Hopkins||Solomon Prower||William White|
|• Francis Billington||• John Crackston||John Howland||John Rigsdale||• Mrs. Susanna White|
|William Bradford||Edward Doty||John Langmore||• Alice Rigsdale||• Resolved White|
|• Dorothy (May) Bradford||Francis Eaton||William Latham||Thomas Rogers||Roger Wilder|
|William Brewster||• Mrs. Sarah Eaton||Edward Leister||• Joseph Rogers||Thomas Williams|
|• Mrs. Mary Brewster||• Samuel Eaton||Edmund Margesson||Henry Samson||Edward Winslow|
|• Love Brewster||Thomas English||Christopher Martin||George Soule||• Elizabeth (Barker) Winslow|
|• Wrestling Brewster||Moses Fletcher||• Mary (Prower) Martin||Myles Standish||Gilbert Winslow|
|Richard Britteridge||Edward Fuller||Desire Minter||• Mrs. Rose Standish|
|Peter Browne||• Mrs. Fuller||Elias Story||"Mr. Ely"|
|William Button||• Samuel Fuller||Edward Thompson||Dorothy, Carver's maidservant|
|Robert Carter||Samuel Fuller|
* The bullets by some of the names are simply used to visually indicate family structure--those with bullet points are the wife and/or children of the earlier-listed individual.
There are millions of Mayflower descendants living today, but very few descendants actually know it. Eight U.S. presidents are known to be descended from Mayflower passengers, and a number of other famous people including astronauts, poets, politicians, actors and actresses, directors, inventors and others are descendants as well. Below are a list of some of the most famous individuals that have Mayflower ancestries. Their blood lineage back to the Mayflower passenger is included (in red). Many of these lineages were originally published by Gary Boyd Roberts of the New England Historic and Genealogical Society, who regularly publishes new discoveries and article on his Notable Kin website.
Presidents John Adams and John Quincy Adams. Descendants of John Alden, and William, Alice, and Priscilla Mullins.
President Zachary Taylor. Descendant of Isaac Allerton, and William and Mary Brewster.
Civil War Union General, and President Ulysses S. Grant. Descendant of Richard Warren.
President James A. Garfield. Descendant of John Billington and his son Francis Billington.
President Franklin D. Roosevelt. Descendant of Richard Warren; Isaac and Mary Allerton and their daughter Mary; Degory Priest; Francis Cooke and his son John Cooke; John Howland, Elizabeth Tilley and her parents John and Joan Tilley.
| Presidents George H. W. Bush, and George W. Bush. Descendants of John Howland, Elizabeth Tilley, and her parents John and Joan Tilley; and Francis Cooke. George W. Bush, through mother First Lady Barbara Bush, is also descended from Henry Samson.
George W. Bush → George H. W. Bush → Prescott Bush → Flora Sheldon → Mary Butler → Courtland Butler → Samuel Butler → Sarah Herrick → Silence Kingsley → Samuel Kingsley → Mary Washburn → Elizabeth Mitchell → Jane Cooke → FRANCIS COOKE
George W. Bush → George H. W. Bush → Prescott Bush → Flora Sheldon → Mary Butler → Elizabeth Pierce → Betsy Wheeler → Sarah Horton → Joanna Wood → Jabez Wood → Hannah Nelson → Hope Huckins → Hope Chipman → Hope Howland → JOHN HOWLAND
George W. Bush → Barbara Pierce → Marvin Pierce → Scott Pierce → Jonas Pierce → Chloe Holbrook → John Holbrook → John Holbrook → Zilpha Thayer → Mary Samson → Stephen Samson → HENRY SAMSON
Alan B. Shepard, Jr. First American in space, fifth man to walk on the moon (remembered for his lunar golf shot.)
Marilyn Monroe. Actress and model.
Orson Welles. Actor and director. Famous for the "War of the Worlds" radio broadcast, and for acting and directing "Citizen Kane."
Noah Webster. Of Webster's Dictionary fame.
Clint Eastwood. Actor.
Alec Baldwin (and brother Stephen). Actor.
| Humphrey Bogart. Actor.
Humphrey Bogart → Maud Humphrey → John Humphrey → Elizabeth Perkins → Dyer Perkins → Bethia Baker → Prudence Jenkins → Lydia Howland → Joseph Howland → JOHN HOWLAND
| Dick Van Dyke. Actor.
Dick Van Dyke → Hazel McCord → Charles C. McCord → Susan Child → David Lorenzo Child → Susannah Tinkham → Isaiah Tinkham → Nathan Tinkham → Isaac Tinkham → Ephraim Tinkham → Mary Browne → PETER BROWNE
Dick Van Dyke → Hazel McCord → Charles C. McCord → Susan Child → David Lorenzo Child → Susannah Tinkham → Isaiah Tinkham → Nathan Tinkham → Isaac Tinkham → Esther Wright → Hester Cooke → FRANCIS COOKE
Dick Van Dyke → Hazel McCord → Charles C. McCord → Susan Child → David Lorenzo Child → Susannah Tinkham → Isaiah Tinkham → Sarah Soule → Zachariah Soule → Benjamin Soule → JOHN SOULE → GEORGE SOULE
Dick Van Dyke → Hazel McCord → Charles C. McCord → Susan Child → David Lorenzo Child → Susannah Tinkham → Isaiah Tinkham → Sarah Soule → Zachariah Soule → Sarah Standish → Alexander Standish → MYLES STANDISH
Dick Van Dyke → Hazel McCord → Charles C. McCord → Susan Child → David Lorenzo Child → Susannah Tinkham → Isaiah Tinkham → Sarah Soule → Zachariah Soule → Sarah Standish → Sarah Alden → JOHN ALDEN
Christopher Lloyd. Actor. One of his more notable characters was "Doc" Brown in the Back to the Future trilogy.
Christopher Lloyd → Samuel R. Lloyd → Adele Ferrier Peck → Francis Peck → Sarah Gorham → Isaac Gorham → Isaac Gorham → Isaac Gorham → Jabez Gorham → Desire Howland → JOHN HOWLAND
|Richard Gere. Actor.
Richard Gere → Homer Gere → Albert Gere → George Gere → Sarah Tewksbury → Lucina Fuller → Consider Fuller → Archippus Fuller → Seth Fuller → Samuel Fuller → Samuel Fuller → SAMUEL FULLER
Richard Gere → Homer Gere → Albert Gere → George Gere → Sarah Tewksbury → Lucina Fuller → Consider Fuller → Archippus Fuller → Seth Fuller → Mercy Eaton → SAMUEL EATON → FRANCIS EATON
Richard Gere → Homer Gere → Albert Gere → George Gere → Sarah Tewksbury → Lucina Fuller → Consider Fuller → Archippus Fuller → Sarah Wright → Adam Wright → Hester Cooke → FRANCIS COOKE
Richard Gere → Homer Gere → Albert Gere → George Gere → Sarah Tewksbury → Lucina Fuller → Consider Fuller → Archippus Fuller → Sarah Wright → Sarah Soule → JOHN SOULE → GEORGE SOULE
Richard Gere → Homer Gere → Albert Gere → George Gere → Sarah Tewksbury → Lucina Fuller → Elkanah Elms → Sarah Bennett → Ruth Coombs → Francis Coombs → Sarah Priest → DEGORY PRIEST
Richard Gere → Homer Gere → Albert Gere → George Gere → Sarah Tewksbury → Lucina Fuller → Consider Fuller → Maria Ryder → Mary Sylvester → Hannah Bartlett → Joseph Bartlett → Mary Warren → RICHARD WARREN
Christopher Reeve. Actor (Superman).
Christopher Reeve → Barbara Lamb → Horace Lamb → Burt Lamb → Charles Lamb → Ebenezer Lamb → Jerusha Ripley → Ebenezer Ripley → Joshua Ripley → Hannah Bradford → William Bradford → WILLIAM BRADFORD
| Sarah Palin. 2008 Republican Vice-Presidential Candidate, Governor of Alaska.
Sarah Palin → Charles Heath → Nellie Brandt → May Ruddock → Thomas Ruddock → Rhoda Damon → Rhoda Thayer → Micah Thayer → Elizabeth Samson → Stephen Samson → HENRY SAMSON
Sarah Palin → Sarah Sheeran → Helen Gower → James Gower → Arthur Gower → Abigail Hawes → Isaiah Hawes → Ebenezer Hawes → Ebenezer Hawes → Ebenezer Hawes → Desire Gorham → Desire Howland → JOHN HOWLAND
Sarah Palin → Sarah Sheeran → Helen Gower → James Gower → Arthur Gower → Cornelius Gower → Susan Norton → Lydia Claghorn → Susannah Gibbs → Abigail Smith → Abigail Skiffe → Lydia Snow → Abigail Warren → RICHARD WARREN
Sarah Palin → Sarah Sheeran → Helen Gower → Cora Strong → Augusta Godfrey → James Godfrey → Benjamin Godfrey → Knowles Godfrey → Knowles Godfrey → George Godfrey → Deborah Cooke → Deborah Hopkins → GILES HOPKINS → STEPHEN HOPKINS
Sarah Palin → Sarah Sheeran → Helen Gower → Cora Strong → Augusta Godfrey → James Godfrey → Benjamin Godfrey → Knowles Godfrey → Knowles Godfrey → Mercy Knowles → Richard Knowles → Mercy Freeman → Mercy Prence → Patience Brewster → WILLIAM BREWSTER
George Eastman. Inventor in the photography field. One of the founders of Eastman-Kodak.
George McClellan. Commander of Union forces, Civil War.
| Bing Crosby. Singer, most remembered for his rendition of White Christmas.
Bing Crosby → Harry Crosby → Nathaniel Crosby → Nathaniel Crosby → Ruby Foster → Chillingworth Foster → Chillingworth Foster → Mercy Freeman → John Freeman → Mercy Prence → Patience Brewster → WILLIAM BREWSTER
Dan Quayle. Vice President under George H. W. Bush.
| Charles Curtis. Vice President under Herbert Hoover.
Charles Curtis → Orren A. Curtis → William Curtis → Thomas Curtis → Thomas Curtis → Jacob Curtis → Jacob Curtis → Mary Tinkham → Hezekiah Tinkham → Mary Browne → PETER BROWNE
Hugh Hefner. Publisher, founder of Playboy.
|Deborah Sampson. Fought in several battles during the Revolutionary War, disguised as a man.
Deborah Sampson → Deborah Bradford → Elisha Bradford → Joseph Bradford → William Bradford → WILLIAM BRADFORD
Deborah Sampson → Jonathan Sampson → Jonathan Sampson → Lydia Standish →Alexander Standish → MYLES STANDISH
Anna Mary Robertson (i.e. "Grandma Moses"). Folk artist.
Joseph Smith. Mormon founder and leader.
Ralph Waldo Emerson. Famous poet.
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow. Famous poet.
William Cullen Bryant. Famous poet.
William Cullen Bryant → Sarah Snell → Ebenezer Snell → Zachariah Snell → Anna Alden → Jonathan Alden → JOHN ALDEN
Cokie Roberts. Political analyst for ABC News and NPR.
Dr. Benjamin Spock. Pediatrician and author of the influential childcare book, Baby and Child Care (1946).
Benjamin Spock → Louise Stoughton → Ada Hooper →Adeline Ripley → Sarah Denny → Lucretia Sargent → Phineas Sargent → Jonathan Sargent → Jonathan Sargent → Lydia Chipman → Hope Howland → JOHN HOWLAND
President Richard Nixon, President Gerald Ford, and Winston Churchill are all descended from brothers of Mayflower passenger John Howland.